Leicester City playmaker Maddison was called up by Gareth Southgate in October but withdrew from the squad due to illness, and there was then some controversy when he was pictured in a casino during England's 2-1 defeat to the Czech Republic in Prague.
John Stones, Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain and Callum Hudson-Odoi have earned recalls by Southgate, with James Maddison and Fikayo Tomori the only uncapped players in the 27-man squad.
Liverpool's Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain has also been brought back into the fold after a long period out of action, having contributed four goals in 12 matches for Jurgen Klopp's side at the start of the new season.
Stamford Bridge teammate Mason Mount is also included despite coming off in Tuesday's 4-4 Champions League draw against Ajax with an ankle problem.More news: Whitney Houston's Gay Lover Tells All in New Book
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The duo who now play for Premier League club Chelsea snubbed Nigeria for the English national team after they were named in the Three Lions squad that faced Czech Republic in earlier October.
England manager Southgate insists Kyle Walker's global career is not over despite omitting him for a third-successive squad. (Trent's) form for Liverpool has been really exceptional.
"It's an area of the pitch where, in terms of caps and experience, we don't have huge experience, and it's good to have John back in that mix".
Southgate's men are now on top of Group A and need a point to secure their place at Euro 2020.
"But it's an opportunity for us to qualify for the European Championship, which is a very important moment for us".
"The squad itself is a little bit larger in size than normal", he explained.