Whether serving in NASA's 2024 or 2025 mission slot, Boeing's approach maximizes return from agency investments in previous and ongoing programs to allow for the simplest and therefore highest probability path back to the lunar surface. NASA says the name "personifies our path to the lunar surface by 2024". It's also worth mentioning that the company was formerly known as Grumman Aircraft before merging with Northrop Corporation - they helped build the original Apollo lunar lander. The Boeing HLS is capable of docking with the Gateway lunar orbiter or directly with NASA's Orion, eliminating the need for additional craft.
NASA has picked Boeing and Elon Musk's SpaceX as the main contractors to build rocket-and-capsule launch systems to return Americans to the orbiting research lab for the first time since the US space shuttle program ended in 2011.
Blue Origin, the rocket company owned by Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon is one of the other companies bidding for the lunar lander contract.
"Boeing's integrated lander can also carry itself from lunar orbit to the surface without an extra switch stage or 'space tug, ' additional lowering launches and simplifying the steps to a successful landing", firm representatives wrote within the assertion.
Artemis has several components including the Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway, a space station around the moon that would be accessed by the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle created to take astronauts beyond Earth orbit and capable of carrying up to six astronauts.
There will be two lander contracts available.
The company says its lander would be ready for the 2024 mission, called Artemis-3.More news: WADA was not equipped to handle size of Russian doping scandal: Reedie
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Boeing's design, unveiled Tuesday, takes a different approach, using the power of the company's huge SLS rocket to propel a two-stage lander to the moon that could dock with an Orion capsule or Gateway, delivering astronauts to the surface with, or without, stopping at the lunar space station.
"The objective here is to guarantee that, at the time we land on the Moon in 2024, there carries on to be action to make up a sustained presence", the source explained.
After Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin set foot on the Moon on July 20, 1969, only 10 more men, all Americans, walked on the lunar surface.
The Apollo 12 crew experienced two lightning strikes just after their Saturn V rocket launched. Tanasyuk noted that the company made a decision to equip the Moon crawlers with legs instead of wheels in order to allow them to maneuver across uneven surfaces on the Moon more easily than traditional rovers.
David Scott and James Irwin landed on the moon and stayed for three days, until August 2nd. The Descent Element remains on the moon having already performed its role of flying the crew from lunar orbit to the surface.
The final people to walk on the moon were Eugene (Gene) Cernan and Harrison (Jack) Schmitt. Since the moon does not experience weather conditions like wind or rain to erode anything away, her initials should stay there for a very long time.