Olga Tokarczuk wins 2018 award, Peter Handke 2019

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No Nobel Prize for Literature was given in 2018 because of a scandal over sexual misconduct allegations that has seen a string of board members resign from the board of the Swedish Academy. Together with the play Publikumsbeschimpfung (Offending the Audience, 1969), he certainly set his mark on the literary scene.

Tokarczuk is only the 15th woman to win the literature prize in more than a century.

Tokarczuk, who also won the Man Booker International Prize past year for her novel Flights, won for her "narrative imagination that with encyclopaedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life".

(L) Olga Tokarczuk. Photo via Facebook/@OlgaTokarczukProfil.

Poland's president and culture minister have congratulated writer Olga Tokarczuk for winning the 2018 Nobel Prize in literature.

Austrian author Peter Handke and Polish author Olga Tokarczuk have won Nobel Prizes in literature, the Swedish Academy announced Thursday.

The couple ran a cultural club in Stockholm that was part-funded by the academy, and several of the assaults committed by Arnault - who is now serving a prison sentence for rape - took place in academy-owned properties.

Now, casual followers may be wondering why this year - for the first time in almost half a century - two writers were honored as Nobel laureates, rather than just one.

The academy has reformed itself after sex abuse allegations that led to a mass exodus of committee members and the ouster of then-Permanent Secretary Sara Danius, resulting in no prize being awarded previous year for the first time since 1943 at the height of World War II.

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More Literature Laureates have written in English than any other language, while 14 have written in French, 13 in German, 11 in Spanish, and 7 in Swedish.

The Academy was torn apart by a deep rift between members over how to manage their ties to him.

He added that in early October, the Academy chooses the laureates, and that a candidate must receive more than half of the votes cast.

Among the leading contenders for the prize, before it was announced, were Canadian poet Anne Carson, novelists Maryse Conde of Guadeloupe and Can Xue of China, and Canadian writer Margaret Atwood, author of The Handmaid's Tale, which has been made into a hit TV series.

When asked whether the Swedish Academy really makes the decision, Olsson said "We are not ready yet to evaluate the process", and declined to elaborate on the internal line of work.

The Nobel Foundation, which funds the literary world's most prestigious prize, said the academy still needed to do more.

The only living American victor of the Nobel Prize in literature is the musician Bob Dylan, who received the award in 2016.

This year's awards come with a 9-million kronor (AUD$1.34bn) cash award to be shared a gold medal and a diploma.

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