Nobel Prize in Physics Awarded For "New Understanding Of Universe"

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Members of the Nobel Committee for Physics Chair of the Nobel Committee Mats Larsson, Secretary General of the Academy Goran K Hansson, and Ulf Danielsson sit in front of a screen displaying the portraits of the winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics (Up L-R) Canadian-American James Peebles, Swiss scientists Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz, at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on October 8, 2019 in Stockholm.

University of Cambridge professor Didier Queloz is one of three scientists to win the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics for their contribution to the understanding of the evolution of the universe and "Earth's place in the cosmos".

"This year's Nobel laureates in physics have painted a picture of the universe far stranger and more wonderful than we ever could have imagined", said Ulf Danielsson of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which selected the laureates.

The 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded to, seen from left on the screen, James Peebles, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz.

Using theoretical tools and calculations, Peebles was able to interpret trace radiation from the infancy of the universe and so discover new physical processes, the academy said.

The committee said more than 4,000 exoplanets have been found in our own Milky Way galaxy since then. "I could make a difference with what I'm doing the way that he's made a difference in all of our lives".

James Peebles, who earned his doctoral degree from Princeton in 1962, was announced as one of three winners of the award on Tuesday.

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Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz are at the University of Geneva, but the prize honors their work done at France's Haute-Provence Observatory. My hand was shaking for a long time. The Nobel Committee on Physics praised his theoretical discoveries in cosmology - the science of the beginnings and development of the universe.

Professor Queloz, who has worked at the University of Cambridge since 2013, said he was certain that alien life will have been detected from Earth within 100 years. "I congratulate them for spectacular pieces of work that opened the doors for many, many others to study facets of this transcriptional regulation in an important field".

"This year's laureates have contributed to answering fundamental questions about our existence", he said.

They will receive their prize - a medal, a certificate, and a cash award of about $900,000, according to Time - in December.

After Marie Curie in 1903 and German-American scientist Maria Goeppert-Mayer in 1963, Strickland became just the third woman to be awarded the Physics Prize since 1901. This year there is a double-header for the Nobel Literature Prize - one each for 2018 and 2019 - which will be awarded Thursday.

On Friday the action moves to Norway where the Peace Prize is awarded, with bookies such as Ladbrokes backing Swedish teen climate activist Greta Thunberg.

Professor William Kaelin at the US Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School was "almost speechless" when told that he and Professor Gregg Semenza of Johns Hopkins University as well as Professor Peter Ratcliffe of Britain's Oxford University will share the 9-million Swedish crown (S$1.3 million) prize, said a member of the Nobel Assembly as the prize was announced yesterday.

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