Modi-Xi summit could pave way for launch of LAC clarification process

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Chinese President Xi Jinping will visit India from October 11 to 12 to take part in the second informal summit with Prime Minister Narendra Modi during which they are expected to hold comprehensive talks on a host of issues concerning the bilateral relations and exchange views on regional and worldwide issues. The first one was held a year ago at the Chinese city of Wuhan, which enabled the two countries to normalise the relations on all fronts after the 73-day standoff between the two militaries at Doklam in 2017.

The ties between India and China came under some strain after India announced withdrawal of Jammu and Kashmir's special status and bifurcated the state into two Union territories.

In New Delhi, the External Affairs Ministry said the forthcoming informal summit will provide an opportunity for the two leaders to continue their discussions on overarching issues of bilateral, regional and global importance. President Xi will return to Chennai that evening, but return on Saturday morning for another meeting with Mr. Modi followed by lunch, and will then fly out to Kathmandu about 2 p.m.

More than a thousand Chinese companies have invested $8 billion in India and created 200,000 local jobs, and they must get a "more fair and friendly" business environment, said Beijing's ambassador to New Delhi on Tuesday. No agreements, Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) or joint communique will be signed during Jinping's visit to India.

The expanding ties between India and the U.S. and Modi's government's decision to endorse the Trump administration's Indo-Pacific strategy have also created an impression in China about India becoming part of a larger USA containment policy towards it.

Both sides are yet to announce the dates for President Xi's India visit though it is learnt that he will arrive in Chennai on Friday for a almost 24-hour trip.

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The first informal summit between Modi and Xi took place in picturesque Chinese lake city Wuhan in April 2018, months after a 73-day long face off between the armies of the two countries in Doklam tri-junction in Sikkim sector raised fears of a war between the two Asian giants. "Over the past decades, no single bullet has been fired at the China-India border area, and peace and tranquility has been maintained", Sun said.

China's close security ties with Pakistan have always been a matter of concern in New Delhi and in recent years India has drawn closer to the United States to help balance China's rising weight across the region.

In a statement released by his office following the meeting, Khan said the speedy completion of projects under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor was the "number one priority of his government" and reiterated Islamabad's support for Beijing's core interests.

Later, Wang in his UN General Assembly speech mentioned the same which drew protests from India. The two leaders are expected to discuss a range of issues. The choice of the venue, too, holds historic significance.

The meeting in Mamallapuram will mark the 6th meeting between the two leaders since they met in Wuhan last year for a "reset" in India China ties, and officials said they expect the meetings to yield announcements of several other high-level exchanges including the delayed boundary talks between Special Representatives, as well as annual India-China anti-terrorism "Hand-in-Hand" exercises in December this year.

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