Pakistani astronaut hails India on Chandrayaan-2 mission

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The Lander Vikram was to soft-land on the far side of the moon at on September 7.

Efforts to communicate with the lander, from both the ground and the orbiter, have been going on since Friday to no avail.

India's ambitious lunar mission faltered in the last leg on Saturday as Vikram lander lost its connection with the ISRO and left the nation anxious. The battery of Vikram Lander, which is carrying the Pragyan Rover, has an expected life of 14 days, so ISRO has another 12 days to establish communication with the craft. We do not know what is the condition inside the lander, but we know that ISRO scientists are making every bid to establish contact with it.

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According to the ISRO, the orbiter will continue to circle the Moon for nearly seven years, providing "high resolution images which will be immensely useful to the global scientific community". The flawless launch of Chandrayaan-2 and the technological capabilities developed by ISRO also ensured that the Orbiter's life was now seven years and not just one year.

The eight important scientific payloads on the orbiter are more sophisticated than the ones that went on the first lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1. Since the launch of Chandrayaan-2 on July 22, 2019, not only India but the whole world watched its progress from one phase to the next with great expectations and excitement. By then, Chandrayaan-2 had covered 380,000 km. With the "precise launch and mission management", the orbiter's life span will extend to nearly seven years.

Space experts said the lander may have come down faster than planned and crash-landed on the moon, in a setback for India's space programme that has captivated millions of countrymen. There are two cameras for imaging, two payloads that would study x-rays from the sun and the lunar regolith, two that would study the thin lunar exosphere using radio signals, one that would study water ice and one that would study the thickness of lunar soil.

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