NASA releases new visualisation of a black hole and it looks stunning

Share

A new NASA animation shows what you'd see if you were hanging out near a black hole.

Observing the oscillation of light as the black hole gobbles the star and spews stellar material in an outward spiral could help astronomers understand the black hole's behavior, a scientific mystery since physicist Albert Einstein examined gravity's influence on light in motion.

In the image, a simulated black hole is surrounded by accumulated matter that's being pulled toward it. The black hole's tremendous gravitational forces tear the star to shreds, with some of its material tossed into space and the rest plunging into the black hole, forming a disk of hot, bright gas as it is swallowed.

Not only light, but entire galaxies can orbit black holes, and the gas closest to the centre of the black hole can spin at close to the speed of light.

"Only a handful of TDEs have been discovered before they reached peak brightness and this one was found just a few days after it started to brighten; plus, thanks to it being in what's called TESS" "continuous viewing zone, ' we have observations of it every 30 minutes going back months - more than ever before possible for one of these events", Thomas Holoien, an astronomer at the Carnegie Institute for Science, said.

However, NASA has now released a new and stunning visualisation of a black hole which illustrates how the gravity of the giant celestial structure distorts our view, twisting its nearby surroundings. Here, it looks like a ring outlining the black hole. "This difference stretches and shears the bright knots, producing light and dark lanes in the disk." said the space agency.

Black hole annotation
NASA releases new visualisation of a black hole and it looks stunning

Viewed from the side, the disk looks brighter on the left than it does on the right.

In April, a group of scientists from the worldwide Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration published the world's first photograph of a black hole. Glowing gas on the left side of the disk moves toward us so fast that the effects of Einstein's relativity give it a boost in brightness; the opposite happens on the right side, where gas moving away us becomes slightly dimmer.

The visualisation has been created by Jeremy Schnittman with the help of custom software at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center.

"Until very recently, these visualizations were limited to our imagination and computer programs".

The astronomers who researched this event estimate the black hole that devoured the star has about six million times the mass of our Sun...in fact, the star that was destroyed during this tidal event was possibly around the size of the Sun.

More news: Google Play Pass Has Launched
More news: Cannabis made legal in Australian Capital Territory
More news: NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Fails to Spot Lunar Lander Vikram

Share