ISRO conducts checks at launch pad ahead of Chandrayaan-2 launch

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Amitabha Ghosh, a scientist for NASA's Rover mission to Mars, said the benefits of Chandrayaan-2 are huge, compared to its cost.

According to the ISRO, the Chandrayaan-II will be injected into an Earth parking 170×40400 km orbit.

Why are we going to the Moon? This is also the first time that India is sending a rover to space.

The Indian space agency said the mission will also try to unravel the origins of the Moon.

Chandryaan-2 will explore a region of moon where no mission has ever set foot.

The U.S. - which is marking the 50th anniversary this month of the Apollo 11 mission that made Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin the first humans on the moon - is working to send a manned spacecraft to the lunar south pole by 2024.

India aims to expand its footprint in space with Chandrayaan-2 mission, thereby inspiring the future generation of scientists, engineers, and explorers.

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India will become only the fourth country, after the US, Russia and China, to reach Earth's satellite if successful. Why explore the Lunar South Pole? It offers an undisturbed historical record of the inner Solar system environment. One objective is to prepare a three-dimensional atlas of both the near and far sides of the moon. Among other things, they will study the moon's mineral and chemical composition and its topology and seismology. He clarified that the orbiter's life is 1 year and will be stationed in a 100km circular orbit. "That area is the South Pole of the moon", said D.B. Pathak, principal of the Kendriya Vidyalaya, IISC. ISRO believes there is a possibility of the presence of water in permanently shadowed areas around the south pole.

The ₹603 crore Chandrayaan-2 consists of three segments - the Orbiter, the lander-Vikram and rover Pragyaan.

What makes Chandrayaan-2 special?

Chandrayaan-2 will deploy a lunar rover toward the moon's south pole.

During the FDR, the links between the lander Vikram and the orbiter will be tested.

"Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLVMKIII) carrying Chandrayaan 2 spacecraft is undergoing launch checks at the launch pad in Sriharikota". GSLV MkIII-D2, the second developmental flight of GSLV MkIII successfully launched GSAT-29, a high throughput communication satellite on November 14, 2018 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota. Vikram Sarabhai, considered the father of the country's space program, had said in response that "to play a meaningful role nationally and in the community of nations", India needs to apply "advanced technologies to the real problems of man and society". It is created to function for one lunar day, which is equivalent to about 14 Earth days. The lander will only operate for a single lunar day (two weeks on Earth). The Lander is created to execute a soft landing on the lunar surface.

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