He also noted success stories of "drastically reducing air pollution" from across the world including China, which is hosting this year's World Environment Day celebrations, the theme for which is air pollution.
The failure of governments across the world to ensure their citizens breathe clean air is a "violation of the rights to life, health and wellbeing", according to the UN's special representative on human rights and the environment.
The research has been launched ahead of an interdisciplinary Working Party review, funded in part by Airtopia, into the effects of indoor air pollution on children and young people's health. Due to the air pollution in country, "everybody living in India is a smoker", he said.
A recent study from NASA in the United States found some 780,000 premature African deaths per year were linked to air pollution from different causes.
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"On World Environment Day, I ask each of us to act so we can breathe more easily". The health risks associated with particulate matter smaller than 10 and 2.5 microns in diameter (PM10 and PM2.5) are of particular public health relevance. In 2016 in the WHO European Region, more than 550 000 deaths were attributable to the joint effects of household and ambient (or outdoor) air pollution. Photochemical smog is another form of air pollution caused by the reaction of solar radiation with airborne pollutant mixtures, Nitrogen Oxides and hydrocarbons. India has committed to increasing its supply electricity from non-fossil fuel sources to 40% and to reduce its emissions intensity by 35% below 2005 levels. In children, this could include reduced lung growth and function, respiratory infections and aggravated asthma.
After Greta Thunberg started boycotting school in favour of standing outside the Swedish Parliament to hand out flyers, reminding politicians that they pledged to reduce carbon emissions as per the Paris Climate Accord, thousands of students around the world participated in "Fridays for the Future", culminating in a global strike on March 15th, 2019. Clean air is not, even though we have the clear, proven solutions to provide it.
"Today, we face an equally urgent crisis".
Use public transport or auto sharing, cycle or walk. They were based on a review of the accumulated scientific evidence at the time, and as such, they still offer solid health arguments for improving air quality.
Throughout the day, the United Nations will be encouraging people to act to tackle air pollution and improve the quality of the air around them.