This summer's dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico, largely fueled by Midwestern fertilizers, will spread across a near-record area the size of MA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reported.
Its increase has been facilitated by abnormally intense spring rainfall in many parts of the basin of the MS, have identified experts from the National oceanic and atmospheric administration. She and her team have been monitoring the Mississippi River discharge and nutrient levels since the first big pulse of flood water in the spring, so they "weren't necessarily surprised" by the results of their models. The algae die, sink, decompose, and deplete the water of oxygen, which many marine creatures require for survival.
"A recent forecast of the size of the "Dead Zone" in the northern Gulf of Mexico for late July 2019 reports that it will cover 8,717-square-miles of the bottom of the continental shelf off Louisiana and Texas", explained researchers from Louisiana State Universit, in a statement. Its size varied considerably depending on weather conditions, but to achieve sustainable reduction of its area, the experts still failed.
The Gulf of Mexico dead zone - one of the largest dead zones in the world - is at the bottom of the body of water. A recent study showed that it became infested with fish that can live nearly without oxygen.
The Environmental Protection Agency's Hypoxia Task Force set a target goal of reducing the five-year average size of the dead zone down to 1,900 square miles, but that figure is far from today's reality. The largest gulf dead zone ever recorded-8,776 square miles-occurred in 2017.More news: Tim McCormack, pilot of doomed helicopter, radioed he was lost
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This nutrient pollution, mainly from agriculture and developed land runoff in the Mississippi River watershed, is affecting coastal resources and habitats in the Gulf by stimulating algal growth.
NOAA said in its news release Monday that the prediction for a large dead zone is because of an "abnormally high amount of spring rainfall in many parts of the Mississippi River watershed", which led to high amounts of fertilizer downriver.
It depends. Shrimp and fish leaving the dead zone around Louisiana and MS might end up in Galveston Bay and we could have a banner year for shrimping and fishing. Official numbers on the size of the dead zone will be measured later in the summer.
"While this year's zone will be better than long-established on yarn of of the flooding, the long-time duration pattern is mild no longer changing", University of MI aquatic ecologist Don Scavia, professor emeritus at the College for Ambiance and Sustainability, stated in a news birth.
We need to create and use more ecologically friendly fertilizers so that when this flooding happens, it doesn't take it to the Gulf to create these dead zones in the first place.