France wave of attack continued in the second half of play which saw Ebere concede a penalty and handed the marching order with a second yellow card for the poor challenge.
Despite Wendie Renard initially missing from the spot for the hosts, the penalty had to be retaken after Nigeria's goalkeeper Chiamaka Nnadozie was adjudged to have taken her two legs off the line. Nigeria has played in every Women's World Cup but advanced past the group stage just once, reaching the quarterfinals in 1999.
Renard, who netted twice against South Korea and then scored an own goal against Norway, proved the match-winner and Nigeria must now wait to see if three points are enough to advance to the next stage.
Melanie Leupolz opened the scoring in the 14th minute with her first goal for Germany since the 2016 Olympics.
Caroline Graham Hansen gave Norway an early lead from the spot after Cho So-hyun was judged to have grabbed Maria Thorisdottir in the third minute, before winning the decisive second penalty shortly after the break when she was chopped down by Kang Chae-rim.More news: Harsh Vardhan named in Bihar children deaths case
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- Ngozi Ebere's red card for Nigeria was the third for the Super Falcons in Women's World Cup history; no nation has received more (3, also USA).
Yeo Min-ji converted in the 78th minute but couldn't spark a South Korean comeback.
After Germany grinded out 1-0 wins over China and Spain, its offence broke out with three goals in the first half, matching its total goals in its previous five World Cup games combined. Norway advanced to the round of 16 as runners up in Group A, which was won by Group A.
After a nervy win over Nigeria, France will be aiming to rely on their support to push them all the way to World Cup glory.
With the narrow loss, the Super Falcons still have a faint chance of making the knockout phase but that now depends on the outcome from the other group games.