Election protesters clash with Indonesian police; 6 dead

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Indonesian president Joko Widodo has won a second term as leader of the world's third largest democracy, official results confirmed Tuesday, beating a former general who has claimed widespread ballot-rigging.

Minor clashes were reported in the evening yesterday as police tried to disperse about 2,000 protesters who had gathered at the headquarters of election supervisory agency Bawaslu, an independent agency tasked to oversee elections and rule on disputes.

More than 30,000 troops were deployed across the capital in anticipation of protests after the official election results were published. Many residents have left the city and parts of the downtown are closed to traffic with the election supervisory agency and Election Commission barricaded with razor wire.

On Friday, the United States embassy in Jakarta issued a heightened security alert for Indonesia, the world's biggest Muslim majority nation which has long wrestled with Islamist militancy.

Mr Subianto refused to accept the election results and declared himself the victor, while his campaign announced plans to challenge the election in the Constitutional Court.

Subianto, who also lost to Widodo in 2014, ran a fear-based campaign, emphasizing what he sees as Indonesia's weakness and the risk of exploitation by foreign powers or disintegration.

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He aligned himself with hardline Muslim groups and won massive majorities in conservative provinces but was defeated by Widodo in his populous East Java and Central Java strongholds.

Dozens of protesters have been arrested in Indonesia following mass rallies against the re-election of the country's president Joko Widodo.

Subianto, meanwhile, rejected the results but called for supporters to remain calm and said his camp would pursue "legal avenues".

Counting was completed just before midnight and the Election Commission announced the results early Tuesday before official witnesses from both campaigns. "This refusal is a moral responsibility for us to not give up the fight against injustice, fraud, arbitrariness, lies, and any actions that will harm democracy".

Protests in the capital Jakarta started peacefully on Tuesday but soon turned violent, with cars set on fire and people throwing firecrackers at police.

"Some analysts have even said that because Widodo won by an 11 percentage point difference - which translates some 17 million votes - this undermines Prabowo and the opposition's argument that the elections were rigged".

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