One-third of Himalayan glaciers will melt by 2100, study finds


'Global warming is on track to transform the frigid, glacier-covered mountain peaks ... to bare rocks in a little less than a century'.

The region would require up to US$4.6 billion per year by 2030 to adapt to climate change, rising to as much as US$7.8 billion per year by 2050, according to an estimate in the report.

The melting of glaciers could cause glacial lake flood outbursts, endangering lives in mountain communities and downstream communities, the report said.

We all know that the peaks and the valleys of the Hindu Kush Himalaya mountain ranges are not so accessible and are remote regions in today's world.

Even if Paris climate agreement goals are met, scientists say the Himalayas are set to lose more than 30 percent of their glaciers by 2100.

"This is the climate crisis you haven't heard of", Philippus Wester of ICIMOD and the report's leader said.

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Saleemul Huq, director of the International Center for Climate Change and Development, an environmental research center in Dhaka said, "All the countries affected need to prioritize tackling this upcoming problem before it reaches crisis proportions". Covering some 2,175 miles (3,500 kilometers) across Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan, the glaciers there are facing the same challenges felt in the Arctic.

The 2015 Paris Agreement was a landmark moment in worldwide diplomacy, bringing together governments with vastly different views to tackle global warming.

The study, prepared over a period of five years, includes insights from more than 350 researchers and policy experts from 22 countries and 185 organizations.

While the government has made several appeals to the global community for monetary support for its mitigation efforts, little has been done to develop regional policies and mechanisms for environmental governance to specifically address climate change in the Hindu Kush Himalayan Region.

A new assessment of the Hindu-Kush Himalaya (HKH) region shows a 1.5°C rise in global temperature over pre-industrial levels will spell doom for fragile ecology of the region. He said in a statement that mountain regions were also extremely vulnerable as "climate hotspots". "Warm nights have increased throughout the region, and extreme absolute temperature indices have changed significantly".

The authors of the report urge the countries of the HKH region to put aside their political differences and work together to monitor and combat the challenges facing them. "The number of intense precipitation days and intensity of extreme precipitation have increased overall in the last five decades". It, however, points out that consensus among climate models for the region is "weak" which is a result of the area's complex topography and the coarse resolution of global climate models.