The request came after mortars were launched by militants, affiliated with Iran, towards the United States embassy in Baghdad.
The White House demanded that the military draft plans for strikes on Iran after attacks in Iraq a year ago, sparking concern at the Pentagon and State Department, The Wall Street Journal reported Sunday.
"It definitely rattled people", one former senior USA administration official told the Wall Street Journal.
The Pentagon said it provides the president options for a variety of threats. The three mortars, however, landed in an open lot and nobody was harmed in the attack.
Bolton, well-known for his past cries to attack Iran, has made clear to other administration officials "that he personally supports regime change in Iran", the Journal reported.
He added: "Sometimes it seems the world has become desensitised to the regime's authoritarianism at home and its campaigns of violence overseas, but the proud Iranian people are not staying silent about their government's many abuses".
The Journal reports, "Former U.S. officials said it was unnerving that the National Security Council asked for far-reaching military options to strike Iran in response to attacks that caused little damage and no injuries".More news: ‘Red Dead Online’ Gets Battle Royale Mode
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He penned a 2015 New York Times opinion piece prior to his current role titled "To stop Iran's bomb, bomb Iran".
"We continue to review the status of our personnel following attempted attacks on our embassy in Baghdad and our Basra consulate, and we will consider a full range of options to preserve their safety and our interests", he said. The Iranians could do plenty of damage to us if they chose to retaliate.
While no one was wounded in the incident, it angered the US.
Tensions between the USA and Iran have risen significantly ever since Donald Trump's election as President.
Pompeo said on Friday that the summit, to be held in Warsaw on 13-14 February, would focus on stability and security in the Middle East, including on the "important element of making sure that Iran is not a destabilising influence".
Poland's charge d'affaires was told that Iran saw the decision to host the meeting as a "hostile act against Iran" and was warned that Tehran could reciprocate, IRNA added.