Trump had been scheduled to lay a wreath and observe a moment of silence Saturday at the Aisne-Marne American Cemetery and Memorial, located adjacent to Belleau Wood and about 60 miles (100 kilometers) northeast of Paris.
While Trump was not in attendance for the visit, White House Chief of Staff John Kelly and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Joe Dunford went to the American cemetery.
After meeting Emmanuel Macron, Trump was due to travel to travel to Belleau Wood, a battlefield where U.S. troops made a key breakthrough against a German advance trying to enter Paris.
US First Lady Melania Trump, US President Donald Trump, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Emmanuel Macron, his wife Brigitte Macron and Russian President Vladimir Putin and other heads of state and government during the commemoration ceremony of the 100th anniversary since the end of The First World War.
Amid the increasing criticism, White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders noted that the weather had caused visibility issues and the trip was "canceled due to scheduling and logistical difficulties caused by the weather".
The American flag flies at the Aisne-Marne American Cemetery dedicated to the USA soldiers killed in the Belleau Wood battle during World War One at Belleau, France, November 10, 2018.
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Meantime, world leaders walked together in a show of unity to the Arc de Triomphe, the site of the solemn ceremony.
It wasn't the first time bad weather thwarted a Trump visit.
Twitter responded with scads of photos of Obama campaigning or speaking at various events in the rain.
Mr Ben Rhodes, who was deputy national security adviser for strategic communications under former president Barack Obama, said the excuse did not stand up.
"Rain didn't stop them and it shouldn't have stopped an American president".
"Exactly 100 years ago today, on November 11, 1918, World War I came to an end", Trump said.
Macron, during a visit to the World War One Western Front at Verdun, told Europe 1 radio that in face of a revived threat from Moscow that Europe needed to "defend itself better alone" and Europeans can not protect themselves without a "true European army". Some even noted that the 9/11 event that Trump and his supporters mocked Hillary Clinton for falling ill in 2016 occurred while it was raining.