Mo Salah has been nominated for the UEFA men's player of the year award, but there is no place on the shortlist for Lionel Messi.
Salah, a Champions League runner-up with Liverpool, scored 44 goals in all competitions in a stunning first season at Anfield.
Ronaldo has been in the final three for the award for every year since its inception in 2010, while this is the third time Messi has missed the final three.
The awards will be presented at the Champions League group stage draw ceremony, in Monaco on August 30. In 2012, Andres Iniesta won the prize weeks after helping Spain to a second straight European title although Barcelona was eliminated in the Champions League semifinals.More news: WhatsApp backups will no longer count towards Google Drive
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Luka Modrič was an inspirational figure for Croatia during this summer's World Cup, guiding them to an unlikely final berth and winning the tournament's golden ball in the process.
Ronaldo had a mixed campaign by his own high standards last term, despite finishing top of the Champions League scoring charts with 15 goals. Marcelo, Sergio Ramos and Raphaël Varane will go head-to-head for best defender in a Madrid clean sweep while the best midfielder will be chosen from Kevin De Bruyne, Toni Kroos and Luka Modric, The best forward hopefuls are Messi, Ronaldo and Salah.
UEFA will also announce the women's player of the year from a shortlist of Pernille Harder (Denmark and Wolfsburg), Ada Hegerberg (Norway and Lyon), and Amandine Henry (France and Lyon).