Trump has also threatened 25 percent tariffs on another $200 billion worth of Chinese goods, and possibly another $300 billion worth, in his administration's quest for changes to China's intellectual property, market access and industrial subsidy policies.
Beijing has retaliated with its own duties on $34bn of USA goods.
The United States and China implemented tariffs on $34billion worth of each other's goods in July.
They appear far from a resolution. and according to USA local news outlets, the USTR is reviewing the 10 percent tariffs on a further 200-billion US dollars of Chinese imports...and is considering raising the rate to 25 percent.
The latest $16 billion list will hit semiconductors from China, even though numerous basic chips in these products originate from the United States, Taiwan or South Korea.
China fired back warning it would impose duties on $60 billion in U.S. goods.
The U.S. said it will begin imposing 25 per cent duties on an additional US$16 billion in Chinese imports in two weeks, escalating a trade war between the world's two biggest economies. However, analysts still expect a less favourable trade balance for China in coming months given it's early days in the tariff brawl.More news: Fetus found on American Airlines plane at LaGuardia Airport in NY
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"[The] trade data don't show any significant impact from the first round of U.S. tariffs", Julian Evans-Pritchard, senior China economist at Capital Economics, said in a note to investors.
Negotiations broke off after the Trump administration imposed the tariffs on US$34 billion in Chinese imports, a move the Chinese said would void any promises they'd made in negotiations.
Chinese state media, reflecting the government's stance, has said China will not be cowed in the face of U.S. threats.
"Although this may for a moment bring preening with delight, it will make it hard to resolve economic imbalances or out of kilter politics and other deep-rooted problems", it said.
Trump responded with a warning that the USA would consider tariffs on another $100 billion in Chinese goods.
USTR said there were 279 new goods to be targeted in the dispute over China's policies promoting theft of American technology.
The Semiconductor Industry Association expressed disappointment at USTR's decision to keep the sector on the tariff list.