A prolific essayist and critic, Roth was best known for mining the Jewish-American experience in his work. His career spanned 50 years, 30 books, three PEN/Faulkners, two National Book Awards, and one Pulitzer.
He commented: "Philip Roth died tonight, surrounded by lifelong friends who loved him dearly".
The book's narrator and frequent Roth alter ego Nathan Zuckerman tells the story of his former high-school classmate, Swede, whose suburban life is destroyed when his daughter becomes involved with a domestic terrorist group.
"Every year we talked about it, it became amusing", Savigneau said, adding that great writers such as Marcel Proust and James Joyce had also missed out on the prize.
A prolific writer, Roth was the author of dozens of novels including Portnoy's Complaint, American Pastoral and Goodbye, Columbus. The son of an insurance salesman, Roth earned a bachelor's degree at Buckle University and a master's degree in English from the University of Chicago.
Simon wrote on Twitter: "Kaddish for Philip Roth, the great American novelist of our postwar world".More news: Iran seeks assurances on nuclear deal after US pullout
More news: NBA Rockets lose star guard for Game 6
More news: Curry comes alive in rout of Rockets
Roth once wrote that his novel was not meant to be a direct portrayal or a warning of current and future political times, but it has not prevented comparisons between the novel's plot and the current political climate in the US. His book "When She Was Good" is said to be based in part of his life with Williams, who he said tricked into marriage by pretending she was pregnant. "He was unrivaled, particularly in the period between 'The Counterlife, ' and 'The Dying Animal.' It's one of the great literary streaks, where every book is first rate".
Roth went on to teach at University of Iowa, Princeton University and the University of Pennsylvania. Zuckerman's resemblance to the author prompted some speculation that these books were semi-autobiographical, though Roth swatted away those assertions when asked.
In 1990, Roth married actress Claire Bloom after seven years of dating.
'The Plot Against America, ' published in 2004, imagines what would have happened had flying ace Charles Lindbergh, an isolationist who expressed anti-Semitic views, defeated Franklin Roosevelt in the 1940 election and signed a peace accord with Adolf Hitler.
Following the death of several friends and contemporaries (including Saul Bellow in 2005), Roth wrote a sequence of short fictions-focusing on old age and physical deterioration-the first of which was Everyman (2006) which won him his third PEN/Faulkner Award.
"The debut is classic Roth", says Esquire. It's enough. I no longer feel this dedication to write what I have experienced my whole life'.