COUNCIL chiefs in Bromley were quizzed on Monday night over why the gender pay gap shows female employees being paid less than men by more than 15 per cent.
Sectors such as health and social care, on the other hand, have smaller pay gaps, which Ehrenberg-Shannon attributes to the fact that these industries have more evenly distributed pay structures.
Campaign group Close The Gap, analysed the figures published by 200 Scottish firms and found that less than one third have set out any actions to try and close their pay gap. Asian women are paid 87 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men, although some ethnic subgroups of Asian women fare much worse.
But similar pay gaps were also reflected at companies where most of the employees are women.
Press Gazette understands that at The Telegraph, two town hall-style meetings have already been held for staff to question senior editorial figures over issues that have arisen with publication of the gender pay gap. Each marker includes links to the firm's gender pay gap report and their entry on Open Corporates.
The Economist Group, which has the highest median gender pay gap in United Kingdom media at 29.5 per cent and fourth highest mean gap at 32.5 per cent, also declined to comment beyond the statement in its report.
"It reaffirms our concerns about the limitations of the gender pay gap regulations". Nationally, white non-Hispanic women are typically paid 79 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men, Black women 63 cents and Latinas 54 cents.
Cerner posted a median gap of 6.2% and a mean of 9.8%, which are both below the national average.More news: Winter storm watch posted as weekend snowstorm threatens
More news: Russian ex-spy case: Chemical weapons watchdog confirms UK findings
More news: Trump reportedly plans to pardon Scooter Libby
The report also notes: "While the key challenge is of equal representation of women in senior roles and management teams, this will not be achieved by recruitment and career progression alone".
"There is evidence that universities remain discriminatory in their practices", Frank added. That's certainly a factor, but it's one of many factors that contribute to structural inequality that, while it isn't necessarily bolstered intentionally or with malice, needs to be addressed. Women, for one, account for 61pc of those earning less than the real living wage and make up a large proportion of those in jobs that are "unskilled". On average, women's bonuses were between 64 and 72 per cent lower than their male counterparts.
There are social pressures at play as well.
The biggest pay hit happens when women have children, leading to what researchers call a "motherhood penalty".
Yet it's true that women are bearing the burden of childcare and household work. A woman who earns $44,000 per year and decides to take 5 years out of the workforce to care for a child will lose out on wages of $220,000.
Data on its own won't necessarily inspire change. He pointed out that some boroughs, such as Lewisham, had minus figures.
Lihue resident Edie Ignacio Neumiller, vice chair of The Committee of the Status of Women and member of the Zonta Club of Kauai, who co-sponsored the rally along with the Zonta Club of Hanalei, told the crowd that women in every state experience the pay gap. Several recent equal pay cases involving high-profile employers at Tesco, Sainsbury's and Asda highlight the extent of the problem.