Harvey, Irma, Maria, Nate removed fro WMO hurricane list


Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, and Nate were so destructive, no other hurricanes will be given the same names. It wasn't just the most active - it was also the most expensive on record in USA history.

There are also separate lists for typhoons in the western Pacific and tropical cyclones in Australia and the Indian Ocean.

Hurricane Irma, which peaked as a Category 5 hurricane, made landfall seven times and hit islands in the northern Caribbean and Florida in early September.

Irma lashed the Caribbean and the US, making seven separate landfalls as it tore across the islands and the Southeast US.

It killed more than 100 people and devastated the island of Barbuda and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

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Nate caused over $700 million of damage. Irma caused 44 direct deaths as a result of its strong winds, heavy rain and high surf. Hundreds more were injured preparing for the storm, during it or in its aftermath. Maria caused catastrophic damage, and the once-lush tropical island was effectively reduced to an huge field of debris. If a hurricane is especially fatal and causes significant damage, its name is taken off the rotation and replaced with a different one.

Hurricane Maria was a category 5 storm when it hit the Caribbean island of Dominica.

In all, 86 hurricane names have now been retired. "Maria caused 31 direct deaths with 34 missing in Dominica, and two direct deaths in Guadeloupe", says NOAA.

The 2017 Atlantic season is by far the costliest hurricane season on record with estimated damages of over $228 billion, over $100 billion more than the previous record holder: 2005. Dennis, Katrina, Rita, Stan and Wilma were removed from the rotating list that year. In Puerto Rico, the death toll stands at 65, which includes an unknown number of indirect deaths. Nate, meanwhile, was responsible for 45 deaths after crossing Central America.

Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria were the first Category 4 storms to make landfall in the United States on record. An additional nine people were missing in the region.