"Fortunately, DACA not included in this bill, negotiations to start now!" he tweeted. It comes on the heels of a hard week for the Trump Administration.
Paul told the Senate that the bill, which would raise the deficit, is the "definition of hypocrisy" and that it would "loot the treasury".
"It's a good deal", Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer of NY said.
However long the shutdown lasts, this is the second such funding crisis in less than a month after Democrats derailed a previous spending bill over a lack of protections for immigrants brought to the USA illegally as children.
The budget office says it would recommend to Trump that he sign the measure into law if Congress sends it to him in its current form.
But as the day went on, a growing number of House Democrats, including Bay State congressmen Joe Kennedy and Seth Moulton, indicated they planned to vote against it because it does not include language protecting young "Dreamer" immigrants who were brought into the country illegally by their parents as children.
The blame game in the Senate over the second government shutdown of 2018 isn't almost as complicated as the first time around.
The House did pass a continuing resolution on Tuesday, funding the government through March 23.
The bill stalled in the Senate Thursday night when one of the opponents, Sen.More news: At the PyeongChang Olympic Opening Ceremonies, Korea unifies for a historic selfie
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Paul voted for the deficit-financed tax bill in December.
Late last night Republican Senator Rand Paul repeatedly objected to calls for a vote before 1:00 a.m. Paul did so to protest what he called runaway government spending.
"Now we have Republicans hand in hand with Democrats offering us trillion-dollar deficits", he said. The House eventually voted to approve the bill at 5.30am by a margin of 240 to 186.
The fiscal concerns of conservative budget-hawks like House Freedom Caucus members Rep. Jim Jordan (R-OH) and Rep. Mark Meadows (R-NC) and the immigration concerns of liberal open-borders advocates like Rep. Luis Gutiérrez (D-IL) and Rep. Keith Ellison (D-MN) were not enough to prevent the bill's passage.
OMB Director Mick Mulvaney issued the order at midnight, notifying federal agencies they should execute their contingency plans.
Pence is in South Korea, where he is leading the USA delegation to the opening ceremonies of the Winter Olympics. "This budget deal does the opposite-it expands government spending well beyond the caps, by nearly 15 percent".
"I think we will get this done".
Essential government functions will continue regardless.
But in an unexpected turn of events, the deadline was missed because Kentucky Republican Sen. The government runs out of funding at midnight Friday.
With each passing hour, that result was looking less and less likely. Worryingly for house speaker Paul Ryan, by the time the Bill made it over to the House of Representatives at approximately 5am, 67 members of his own party rebelled.