Celebrated with different names all over the country, the festivals of Makar Sankranti and Pongal symbolize the happiness that comes with good harvest and is a celebration of a positive transformation in people's lives. From this festival, days become longer, also auspicious rituals and ceremonies start being performed. Pictures of an elephant which is Indra's vehicle are drawn everywhere to appease the God and kites are flown in the sky to mark the festival of Makar Sankranti. The occasion which marks the transition of the sun into the Makar rashi or the zodiac sign Capricorn, also brings an end to winter solstice.
Makar Sankranti is the biggest festival which is dedicated to Sun in India.
Makara Sankranti (also known as Makar Sakranti or Sankranthi) is a mid-winter festival that takes place in India and Nepal.More news: Death toll from California mudslides rises to 19
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In his message, the Governor said that "Makar Sankranti has a special significance for us in Arunachal Pradesh". This is the beauty of the festival.
But Makar Sankranti is incomplete without "Til Gud" (sesame seeds and jaggery ) - 2 ingredients which are mixed together to make candies. In Tamil Nadu, the festive occasion is celebrated as Pongal, whereas in Punjab it is known as Lohri while some call it as Uttarayan. Pongal, Lohri and Makar Sankranti being the most important ones. One can't imagine the celebration without the "til ka laddoo", made with jaggery and sesame. The popular Kumbh Mela, held after every 12 years, starts on the very same day.
Hindu devotees taking a dip at Sangam, the confluence of the Ganges, Yamuna and mythical Saraswati River, during the Makar Sankranti festival in Allahabad, on January 14.